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of this adventure, remains a classic on the subject. This
was not the only literary fruit of the British mission ;
for Kinneir produced his able Geographical Memoir, and
Malcolm himself wrote a History of Persia, as well as his
light and entertaining Sketches of Persia.
The Embassy of Haji Mirza Abul Hasan Khan, 1809-
1810. — In return for these embassies, Path Ali Shah
despatched Haji Mirza Abul Hasan Khan to the Court
of St. James's. His special object was to ascertain clearly
how the subsidy Persia was entitled to receive under the
treaty was to be paid. This versatile son of Iran has
been immortalized by James Morier (who accompanied
him on both his outward and his homeward journey) in
" Hajji Baba in England."*
The Appointment of Sir Gore Ouseley > 1811.—The treaty
negotiated by Sir Harford Jones was duly ratified in
England, and its negotiator was confirmed in his appoint-
ment at Teheran, the Home Government deciding to retain
permanent control of diplomatic relations with Persia.
Upon his resignation in 1811, he was succeeded by Sir
Gore Ouseley, in whose suite were Major D'Arcy, better
known as D'Arcy Todd, and a detachment of English
sergeants of the 47th regiment. Sir William Ouseley,
whose writings on Persia remain a classic, also accom-
panied the mission.
The Definitive Treaty,!^ 14.—Shortly after the conclusion
of the treaty of Gulistan, which will be dealt with in the
following chapter, Sir Gore Ouseley negotiated with Persia
the definitive treaty based on Sir Harford Jones's pre-
liminary agreement. This he took with him to England.
A year later Mr. Ellis reached Teheran and, with Mr.
Morier, concluded the final definitive treaty, which was
signed on November 25, i8i4.2 By the terms of this
important document, which was specially declared to be
1  Charles Lamb wrote of the Persian ambassador that he " is the principal thing
talked of now.    I sent some people to see him worship the sun at half-past six in the
morning, but he did not come. . . . The common people call him Shaw Nonsense."
His portrait, painted by Sir William Beechey, hangs in the India Office.    The ambassador,
on his return home, wrote a book termed Hairat-namn, or " Record of Wonders."
2  Aitchison's Treaties, number vii.   The preamble runs : " These happy leaves are a
nosegay plucked from the thornless garden of concord and tied by the hands of the
plenipotentiaries," etc.